https://ejournal.alqolam.ac.id/index.php/intaj/issue/feed Jurnal Penelitian Ilmiah INTAJ 2022-07-11T15:14:24+08:00 Siti A'isyah ibuafasda@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p>Jurnal Penelitian Ilmiah INTAJ is a peer reviewed biannually scientific journal aimed at publishing research findings, conducted by the researchers and academician, that relate to the studies of Social and Humanities in the form of articles which cover textual and fieldwork investigation from various perspectives.</p> https://ejournal.alqolam.ac.id/index.php/intaj/article/view/730 PENERJEMAHAN PEGON DALAM KITAB KUNING PESANTREN 2022-04-11T17:01:06+08:00 R. Ahmad Nur Kholis kholis3186@gmail.com Ahsanul luqmanahsanul@gmail.com <p>This study aims at explaining the writing technics and principals as well as the translation of “pegon” script in “kitab kuning” as it is applied in the tradition of “pesantren”. It concludes the following points. First, the writing technique of “pegon” script is based on the vowels used in Malay and Javanese language which is assimilated to the writing technique of the Arabic language. Second, any signs showing the indicator of syntactic parsing are written above the main text (superscript). Third, any signs showing the lexical access are written below the main text (subscript). Fourth, any dependant word particle (huruf) is not given any sign, so it should be memorized. Fifth, any signs of reference are written following the rule of similarity between the sign on the reference and the referred word. These latter signs are written following these rules: (1) any signs for the reference are written below the main text (subscript), and any signs for the referred word are written above the main text (superscript), (2) any signs of reference that refers to any words, phrase, or sentence located too far from the reference are written by using a kind of footnote</p> 2022-04-29T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 R. Ahmad Nur Kholis, Ahsanul https://ejournal.alqolam.ac.id/index.php/intaj/article/view/728 IMPROVING SPEAKING ABILITY BY USING PICTURE SERIES 2022-04-05T14:30:44+08:00 Ana Sri Lestari anasrilestari@alqolam.ac.id Norma Ita Sholichah alamnura11@yahoo.co.id <p>Speaking ability is a linguistic aptitude or a mode of communication in which a person can communicate his or her thoughts or information in a logical order while mastering the mechanics of speaking convention (pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, fluency and understanding). The researcher used Picture Series Technique to overcome the challenges that the students were having in this study. This research was conducted in order to improve students’ speaking ability through Picture Series Technique in the first grader students of MTs MUNIR ISMAIL Gondanglegi Malang 2020-2021. The researcher chose Classroom Action Research (CAR) as the technique of research in this study. This study was carried out in two stages by the researcher. The first cycle consisted of two meetings, whereas the second cycle consisted of one meeting. The researcher employed the Picture Series Technique to create a pleasant environment throughout the speaking teaching and learning process, and, more significantly, to increase the students' speaking abilities. The subject of this research was the students of first grader students in MTs MUNIR ISMAIL. The instruments to collect the data were interview, observation checklist, and speaking test. The findings of this study revealed that employing Picture Series Technique in teaching speaking, particularly in describing people, yielded positive results. The researcher might be able to help the pupils enhance their speaking skills. Their comments indicated that they were interested in learning about the subject of speaking since they found it simpler to communicate utilizing the Picture Series Technique. Their average score is 74, based on the results of cycle 1. As a consequence of the second cycle, their average score is 81.</p> 2022-04-29T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ana Sri Lestari, Norma Ita Sholichah https://ejournal.alqolam.ac.id/index.php/intaj/article/view/772 PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM ANAK TERLANTAR dalam Undang-Undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2014 tentang Perlindungan Anak 2022-06-29T11:27:45+08:00 Rudy Catur Rohman Kusmayadi rudy@alqolam.ac.id Musleh musleh18@alqolam.ac.id <p>Abandoned children are children who do not get the same rights as children. their families and relatives are not able to carry out their obligations so that the needs of children's rights are not met. As stated in Law no. 35 of 2014 concerning child protection, which reads; "Child protection is all activities to guarantee and protect children and their rights so that they can live, grow, develop, and participate optimally in accordance with human dignity, and receive protection from violence and discrimination". It is a major problem regarding the protection of neglected children in Indonesia. Regarding the future, whether with Law Number 35 of 2014 is a solution to the problem of the number of neglected children in Indonesia whose future is still not guaranteed. The research used is a qualitative research method, with an approach using normative/doctrinal law which in foreign legal literature is commonly referred to as legal research and without the addition of other meanings, namely the opinion of some legal scholars can be said to be pure legal research. The government and local government have the authority to protect neglected children as regulated in Law Number 35 of 2014 including: 1) regarding housing guarantees, 2) guarantees for maintenance and care, 3) children's rights to obtain identity from the state. Children in terms of national and state life are the future of the nation and the next generation of the ideals of the nation, so that the state is obliged to fulfill the rights of every child to survival, growth and development, participation, protection from acts of violence and discrimination.</p> 2022-04-29T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rudy Catur Rohman Kusmayadi, Musleh https://ejournal.alqolam.ac.id/index.php/intaj/article/view/774 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN KPS AND BMT AT THE MODERN ISLAMIC BOARDING SCHOOL AL-RIFA'IE 2 MALANG 2022-07-01T12:52:29+08:00 Fitriyah Mahdali fitriyah@alqolam.ac.id Ahmad Fauzi afauzi003@gmail.com <p>This study is a comparative analysis between savings and loan cooperatives and Islamic financial services cooperatives Baitul Maal wat Tamwil or BMT. This analysis was conducted to determine the relationship between cooperatives and BMT, so that they could provide real answers to the community, especially the public, that cooperatives and BMT are different entities. BMT is a microfinance institution that deals with middle- and lower-class entrepreneurs to help start up their business activities. BMT is intended to help the middle- and lower-class economies so that they can set up businesses without being caught up in loan sharks. Today, people often regard conventional cooperatives and BMT as financial institutions that are closely related to banks and interest. So they experience a deep dilemma when the need for business capital is not directly proportional to their mindset, they are in a dilemma if they have to pay interest and deal with moneylenders. This study is a field study (field research) with a qualitative approach conducted at Modern Islamic Boardng School al-Rifa'ie 2 Gondanglegi Malang Regency. Al-Rifa'ie has syari'ah cooperatives and BMTs that have won the trust of some people as financial service institutions that comply with Islamic law. The findings in the discussion resulted that cooperative and BMT in this case at Modern Islamic Boarding School al-Rifa'ie 2 have relations and differences. The relationship between the two lies in the legality of the institution, where BMT is under the auspices of the cooperative under its legal protection. The differences between the two are described in the comparative analysis table contained in the discussion chapter. This finding is expected to be able to provide a theoretical contribution to answer the community's doubts between conventional cooperatives and BMT.</p> 2022-04-29T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Fitriyah Mahdali, Ahmad Fauzi https://ejournal.alqolam.ac.id/index.php/intaj/article/view/776 ANALISIS NILAI-NILAI PENDIDIKAN TAUHID: 2022-07-06T00:29:06+08:00 Nur Qomari nurqomari@alqolam.ac.id <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">This study aims to determine how </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">tau</span></em><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">hi</span></em><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">d </span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;">education according to Sayyid A</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">h</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">mad Al-Marzuqi in the book ‘Aqidah al-‘Awam. In addition, they also know the significance of monotheism education in everyday life. The type of research used in this study is qualitative using a library approach. The primary data source is the ‘Aqidah al-‘Awam book, the secondary source is the translation and the tertiary source is books and other books that are relevant and relevant to the research.</span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;">The findings of this study indicate that the book ‘Aqidah al-‘Awam by Sayyid Ahmad Al-Marzuqi</span><span style="font-weight: 400;"> is still relevant in education from the past to education today. The value of </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">tau</span></em><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">hi</span></em><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">d</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> education is faith education where faith itself consists of faith in Allah, in angels, in books, in the Apostles, in the Last Day, and faith in qadla and qadr. The significance of </span><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">tau</span></em><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">hi</span></em><em><span style="font-weight: 400;">d</span></em><span style="font-weight: 400;"> education in everyday life from the attributes of Allah SWT is the door to success in life in the world and the hereafter, and as a reference in creating morality, besides that by implementing the attributes of Allah in everyday life can facilitate social relations. both in religious matters or between communities, as well as according to the syari’ah and norms that apply in the community itself.</span></p> 2022-04-29T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Nur Qomari, Roihanah https://ejournal.alqolam.ac.id/index.php/intaj/article/view/794 MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INSIDE OUTSIDE CIRCLE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATERI SHOLAT LIMA WAKTU 2022-07-11T15:14:24+08:00 Mudhoffar Mudhoffar mudhofar@alqolam.ac.id <p>This is classroom action research that aims to improve student learning outcomes in Jurisprudence subjects, on the material for the provisions of the five daily prayers using the “inside outside circle model”. The object of this research is the seventh-grade students of Kanigoro Performance in the 2021/2022 Academic Year. This study uses a Classroom Action Research (CAR) design which consists of two cycles. Each cycle includes four stages of activity, namely, planning, action, observation, and reflection. With descriptive technique, this classroom action research was chosen as an effort to improve student learning outcomes. Before the first and second cycles of action are taken, it begins with pre-action. At this stage the researcher made observations about the learning of <em>fiqh</em> that was applied in the classroom.</p> <p>In the implementation of this pre-action, the result was 58.09%. Then the first cycle was carried out on the Fiqh learning material on the provisions of the five daily prayers using the inside outside circle model. From the classroom action research data that the researchers got, there was a change in the first cycle. It became 75.71% but there were still 9 children whose scores had not reached the KKM. Continued to the second cycle stage to 86.66% although there are still 2 students who have not reached the KKM score. The results of the study prove that using the inside outside circle model can improve student learning outcomes in <em>fiqh</em> learning about the five daily prayers, in class VII MTs Al-Azhar Kanigoro Malang performance in the academic year 2021/2022.</p> 2022-04-29T00:00:00+08:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Mudhoffar Mudhoffar